Development Incentives Research
In 2008, in response to concerns about the long-term effects on the economic health of the region and the fiscal well-being of local governments, the East-West Gateway Council of Governments (EWG) Board of Directors directed staff to address three principal questions:
- How much has the region “spent” on development incentives, including: tax increment financing (TIF), transportation development districts (TDDs), community improvement districts (CIDs), and business development districts (BDDs)?
- What effect has the use of incentives had on local governments’ ability to finance essential public services?
- Has there been a distributional effect with regard to race and income?
In 2011, EWG staff completed a final report to address these questions. Periodic updates are made to the report and the accompanying data. Below are all of these reports and data files as well as a 2009 interim report and additional reports that informed the research.
- The Use of Development Incentives in the St. Louis Region – 2016 Update
- Data for TIF, CID, TDD, BDD – 2016 Update
- The Use of Development Incentives in the St. Louis Region – 2012 Update
- An Assessment of the Effectiveness and Fiscal Impacts of the Use of Development Incentives in the St. Louis Region, Final Report – 2011
- Interim Report – 2009
- Data Files
Commissioned Reports from Area Universities
In 2009, EWG commissioned the Applied Research Collaborative (ARC), an organization of local researchers from area universities, to analyze four aspects of the broader research questions posed by the Board of Directors: the economic impact of TIFs on jobs and taxable sales, the impact of TIFs on local, municipal fiscal health, the economic and racial disparities of TIFs, and the use of TIFs in St. Louis County and the Metro East.
- The Economic Impact of TIFs: Jobs and Taxable Sales – December 10, 2009, University of Missouri – St. Louis
- Impact of Tax Increment Financing on Local, Municipal Fiscal Health: A Preliminary Assessment and Case Study – December 1, 2009, University of Missouri – St. Louis
- The Promises and Pitfalls of TIF in the St. Louis Metropolitan Region: A Look at the Economic and Racial Disparities – November 9, 2009, St. Louis University
- Economic Development Incentive Case Studies: Examples of Incentive Usage and Effect from St. Louis County and Metro East – August 31, 2009, University of Missouri – St. Louis and Southern Illinois University – Edwardsville
St. Louis Metropolitan Forum
The St. Louis Metropolitan Forum (the Forum), created by the St. Louis Regional Chamber (formerly the Regional Chamber and Growth Association), FOCUS St. Louis, and EWG brought together regional business, civic and government leaders who chose to focus on regional fiscal reform; viewing it as “a seminal issue that would define the future of the St. Louis region.” The Forum and the multi-disciplinary board of national experts it commissioned, comprehensively examined the issues facing the St. Louis region. The resulting key findings and recommendations presented the state of the region in a bleak reality and called on the region to set aside old ways of thinking and rise to the challenge of adopting an agenda for regional fiscal reform.