All Hazard Mitigation Plan, 2015-2020
Federal Statute requires that the All Hazard Mitigation Plan be updated and readopted every five years. In Missouri, the State Emergency Management Agency (SEMA) has funded East-West Gateway to prepare an update to the regional plan, last completed in 2009-10, on behalf of the five Missouri Counties (City of St. Louis, and Franklin, Jefferson, St. Charles and St. Louis counties) and for 135 participating municipalities and 50 school districts. Planning partners included STARRS, county emergency managers, Municipal League representatives, St. Louis Area Regional Coalition of Community Organizations Active in Disaster (SLARCC), and EducationPlus. Plans in Illinois are prepared by each county.
The plan was prepared in accordance with guidelines established by the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) and SEMA. These agencies have authority for the final review and approval of the plan. EWG submitted the draft plan to SEMA and FEMA in December 2014, and a final draft plan was submitted on March 31, 2015. Staff responded to FEMA’s comments, and after two rounds of reviews, EWG submitted the Final Plan on June 1, 2015. FEMA has now approved the plan. FEMA sent an Approval Letter to EWG on July 13, 2015. The final plan, and the approval letter, along with a template to use for adopting the plan are all available below.
This plan is designed to help protect public safety and prevent loss of life or injury in the event of a natural disaster. It is also designed to reduce risk to existing and future development and to prevent damage to each community’s unique economic, cultural and environmental assets. The All Hazard Mitigation Plan will also help to improve the operational effectiveness of local governments and school districts following any natural disaster, by providing recommendations for advance preparation. Advanced planning should prepare first responders as well as local government leaders and school personnel and thus serve to reduce costs, save lives and improve efficiency of disaster response and recovery.
Current rules require that local governments and school districts applying for federal pre-natural disaster mitigation funding must have a FEMA approved plan. Any community and/or school district seeking pre-natural disaster mitigation funding must formally adopt the plan by resolution in order to be eligible for FEMA/SEMA funding.
EWG staff has prepared a model adoption resolution that can be used by the governing bodies of counties, municipalities, and school districts, when adopting the final plan. It has been sent to clerks, emergency management agencies and school districts. Plan adoption by Missouri communities and school districts will be on a voluntary basis. EWG staff encourage jurisdictions to adopt the plan within the next 90 days.
In 2004 East-West Gateway developed the first Regional Hazard Mitigation Plan with input from the communities. In 2009-10, East-West Gateway revised that 2004 plan, and now Gateway has reviewed and revised the 2010-2015 plan, and created a new updated plan for 2015-2020 which covers the five counties, with 135 municipalities and 50 school districts, all in the Missouri portion of the St. Louis region. This plan has been significantly revised to reflect both changing conditions and local efforts to focus on regional collaboration.
Chapter 1 describes the planning process on behalf of the counties, municipalities and school districts. East-West Gateway organized a working group made up of county emergency Managers, representatives of the municipal league, EducationPlus, and the Red Cross. The working group helped to guide the planning process and develop workshops held at seven sites around the region. These workshops highlighted FEMA requirements, described current planning efforts and provided a list of recommended hazard mitigation activities. Communities either provided their own list of priority actions, which are described in Chapter 4, or delegated the prioritizing to the county emergency management agencies. In addition, East-West Gateway sought local input from municipalities, counties and school districts through a survey covering activities, projects, funding and other issues concerning hazard mitigation.
In Chapter 2, the Plan covers background conditions and capabilities of local jurisdictions by county. In Chapter 3, the Plan describes hazards, historical experiences and potential risks. In Chapter 4, the goals of the Plan and Action Steps are presented, along with a description of the potential issues to be addressed. Using this plan and related local planning, the Missouri portion of the St. Louis Region and the individual local governments and school districts are working collaboratively to reduce adverse effects caused by natural hazards, including tornadoes and thunderstorms, and other severe weather, floods, drought, earthquakes, dam failure, and wildfires.
The recommendations contained in this Plan are guidelines for voluntary action. Local jurisdictions adopt the Plan, then identify priorities and carry out those elements of the Plan that best serve local community needs and challenges.